Millions of dollars are invested to create new water reservoir to feed the fields owned by farmers in India, who, in fact, rely on groundwater mostly. This money has been invested by the government who borrowed/taken over the water resources from the village community. It is a question of understanding what is the state? Is it the representative of the village communities?Well, this would be more critical question to answer. But looking at the realities in context of water management, the village community themselves have taken water under their control. The state has to realize that ground water usage has to be controlled, whereas the state is more concerned with surface water management. The state should allow farmer’s to employ age old self-sustaining system of water resource management, which has worked in India since many hundreds of years. Rather the state is playing stupid by giving free electricity to farmers, who unknowingly using it excessively. There should be groundwater regulation by this mean or other to employ low cost solution to irrigate whole of country, which will, in fact, benefit the farmers. More about ground water management can be found here:
The technology-politics nexus in India
I liked the author’s last note, which says:
we must understand the politics of technology to understand the economics that will matter.